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Local Brigade History

Greater Manchester Area Brigades List

 

LOCAL AUTHORITY FIRE BRIGADES (and FORMER FIRE BRIGADES) WITHIN GREATER MANCHESTER

NOTES:

 

This list includes names of all individual brigades known to have existed in the Greater Manchester region. The majority were operating up until World War II, unless absorbed into larger authorities before World War II (eg Castleton) or  disbanded and their area covered by a different brigade through agreement (eg Milnrow) 

The Fire Brigades Act of 1938 required all local authorities to make arrangements for providing fire cover, this led to the formation of some new brigades at that time (eg Stretford & Urmston 1939) though in some areas cover was provided by a larger, neighbouring brigade

Between 1939 and 1941 local authorities also had to provide an “Auxiliary Fire Service” (AFS), even, in some cases, where there was no existing “regular” brigade (eg Abram)

  
On 18th August 1941 all local authority “regular” brigades and AFS units were amalgamated to became part of the National Fire Service

During the period 1939-45 numerous additional, temporary fire stations were in operation, either Auxiliary Fire Service (1939-1941) or National Fire Service (1941-1945 approx). Following the end of hostilities in 1945, NFS wind-down saw a reduction in fire cover back to peace-time levels

On 1st April 1948 the NFS was wound up and fire services reverted to local authority control. However, most of the smaller brigades were not re-formed. Locally this meant that only the eight “county borough” fire brigades (Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport and Wigan) were re-constituted. All other areas were instead served by the relevant stations of Cheshire County Fire Brigade and Lancashire County Fire Brigade

From 1st April 1974 these ten local fire services were amalgamated into the new Greater Manchester Fire Service(GMC)  (also including its various, later names)

HIGHLIGHTED NAMES : see individual histories on these webpages

 

BRIGADE/AUTHORITY                        NOTES

ABRAM                                                         WWII Auxiliary Fire Service only (1939-1941)

ALTRINCHAM                                                Cheshire FB (1948-1974)

ASHTON-IN-MAKERFIELD                     

ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE                                  Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

ATHERTON                                                    Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

BLACKROD                                                

BOLTON

BROUGHTON                                                 Taken over by Salford 1871

BURY

CASTLETON                                                 Taken over by Rochdale 1900

CHEADLE & GATLEY                                    Cheshire FB (1948-1974)

CHESHIRE COUNTY

CRUMPSALL                                                Taken over by Manchester FB 1890

DENTON                                                      

DROYLSDEN                                               WWII Auxiliary Fire Service only (1939-1941)

DUKINFIELD

ECCLES                                                      Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

FARNWORTH                                              Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

GORTON                                                     Hose Cart only; taken over by Manchester 1909

GREATER MANCHESTER

HALE & BOWDON

HAZEL GROVE & BRAMHALL

HEATON NORRIS                                        Taken over by Stockport FB

HEYWOOD                                                 Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

HINDLEY                                                     Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

HORWICH                                                   Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

HYDE                                                          Cheshire FB (1948-1974)

IRLAM                                                         Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

LANCASHIRE COUNTY

LEES                                                           Brigade disbanded 1884

LEIGH                                                          Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

LEIGH RDC

LEVENSHULME                                           Hand Pump only;  taken over by Manchester 1909

LITTLEBOROUGH                                         Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

MANCHESTER

MARPLE                                                      Cheshire FB (1948-1974)

MIDDLETON                                                 Lancashire FB (1948-); Fire Station closed 1966

MILNROW                                                    Brigade disbanded c1920

MOSS SIDE                                                 Taken over by Manchester FB 1904

MOSSLEY                                                    Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

NATIONAL FIRE SERVICE                            18th Aug 1941 to 31st March 1948 only

NEWTON HEATH                                          Hose Carts only; taken over by Manchester 1890

NORDEN                                                      Taken over by Rochdale 1933

OLDHAM

OPENSHAW                                                 Hand Pump only; taken over by Manchester 1890

ORRELL                                                        WWII Auxiliary Fire Service only (1939-1941)

PENDLETON                                                 Taken over by Salford 1871

PRESTWICH                                                 Lancashire FB (1948-); station closed 1957

RADCLIFFE                                                   Lancashire FB (1948-); station closed 1964

RAMSBOTTOM                                              Brigade disbanded c1919;

                                                                     WWII Auxiliary Fire Service only (1939-1941);

                                                                      Lancashire FB (1948-1974)

REDDISH                                                      Taken over by Stockport 1901

ROCHDALE

RUSHOLME                                                  Hose Cart only; taken over by Manchester 1885

SALE                                                            Merged into new Sale & AOM Joint FB 1898

SALE & ASHTON-ON-MERSEY                      Joint fire authority (1898-1941);

                                                                     Cheshire FB (1948-1974)

SALFORD

STALYBRIDGE                                               Cheshire FB (1948-1974)

STANDISH

STOCKPORT

STRETFORD                                                   Merged into new Stretford & Urmston Joint FB 1939

STRETFORD & URMSTON                              Lancashire FB station (1948-1974)

SWINTON & PENDLEBURY                            Lancashire FB station (1948-1974)

TIMPERLEY                                                    WWII Auxiliary Fire Service only (1939-1941)

TYLDESLEY

URMSTON                                                     Merged into new Stretford & Urmston Joint FB 1939

WIGAN

WITHINGTON                                                  Hand Pump only; taken over by Manchester 1904

 

THE FOLLOWING (CURRENT) GREATER MANCHESTER AREA FIRE STATIONS ARE IN TOWNS WHICH NEVER PREVIOUSLY OPERATED THEIR OWN FIRE BRIGADE:

CHADDERTON                                               Lancashire FB (1963-1974)

WHITEFIELD                                                  Lancashire FB  (1964-1974)

 

THE FOLLOWING TOWN NEVER OPERATED ITS OWN (PRE- WORLD WAR II) FIRE BRIGADE BUT HAD A FIRE STATION FROM c1941 (OPENED BY THE NATIONAL FIRE SERVICE) UNTIL 1963   :

ROYTON                                                       Lancashire FB (1948-), replaced by Chadderton 1963

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